The Forest Research Centre (FRC), Hyderabad, of Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education started functioning under the administrative control of Institute of Wood Science and Technology Bangalore, since July,1997. The centre was initially known as 'Advanced Centre for Biotechnology and Mangrove Forests'. This, however has been changed to 'Forest Research Centre, Hyderabad'. The office cum laboratory building construction work started in March 1998 and the same was handed over to the centre on 1st March, 2000 .The building complex was formally inaugurated by the Hon'ble Minister of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India, Sri. T.R. Balu on 15th November 2000. The research work started from 2000-2001 onwards to meet the research needs of the southern dry deciduous ecosystem of the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Goa on various aspects in the field of forestry Research.
The Institute of Forest Biodiversity was established during December 2012 vide ICFRE order no.58-21/XLVII/2012-ICFRE, dated 7th December 2012, by way of upgradation of the erstwhile Forest Research Centre, Hyderabad.
The Institute is located at Dulapally, which is 23 Km away from Secunderabad Railway station and 65 Km away from Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamsabad. Spread over an area of one hundred acres, the Institute has the necessary infrastructure viz., administrative block, three laboratories (molecular genetics, tissue culture and soil science), library, field trial areas (comprising germplasm banks, seedling seed orchards, and agroforestry models), nursery area (complete with shade houses and mist chamber) to take up research and development projects on the biodiversity. The Institute has a field station spread over sixty acres at Mulugu, 45 Kms from Hyderabad.
The Institute is mandated to carry out research on forest biodiversity of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, with an emphasis on the forest biodiversity of Eastern Ghats. The scope inter alia includes the following.
- Quantitative ecological assessment and documentation of biodiversity of Eastern Ghats.
- Genetic resource assessment of endemic and rare plants of Eastern Ghats for conservation planning.
- Threat assessment for classification of Eastern Ghat biodiversity into rare, endangered and threatened species.
- In situ conservation of the RET and endemic species of Eastern Ghats by identifying conservation populations/stands within the protected area networks.
- Ex situ conservation of the RET and endemic species of Eastern Ghats through germplasm banks, seed storage, tissue culture and also through the involvement of farmers in their fields.
- Utilization of Eastern Ghats biodiversity by applying the principles of genetic improvement, clonal propagation and agroforestry.
- Protection of Eastern Ghats biodiversity from the endemic and introduced insects and pathogens.
- Biodiversity and climate change especially effects of climate change on the biodiversity of Eastern Ghats and their mitigation.
- Environmental impact assessment especially of mining and other mega projects on Biodiversity and their eco-rehabilitation.
The vision of Institute of Forest Biodiversity is to attain excellence especially in conservation of forest and wild agri genetic resources of both plants and animals and forest biodiversity in general including microbial populations using in situ and ex situ methods, facilitate sustainable utilization of resources by value addition wherever desirable and generate products and services, in a way that sustains diversity and productivity in an eco-friendly manner.
The Institute is headed by the Director who is supported by Scientists of various specializations under following Divisions.
1- Forest Biodiversity
2- Genetic Resources Division
3- Climate Change and Biodiversity
4- Forest Ecology
- Including Traditional Knowledge (Indigenous Knowledge) and Tribal Culture, Ecorestoration, Research and Development in Biodiversity, Bioresources utilization � Societal implications, functioning of BMC�s and biodiversity conservation and documentation, NGO�s and biodiversity conservation.
5- Intellectual Property Rights
- Including Biodiversity Laws
6- Microbial Biodiversity and Forest Protection Division.
7- Conservation Biology
- RET species including Red sanders.
8- Extension and Publicity (ICTS) Division
Jurisdiction States of IFB
- Eastern Ghats for Forest Biodiversity
- Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Goa